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High Dose Vitamin D Supplementation Is Associated With a Reduction in Depression Score Among Adolescent Girls: A Nine-Week Follow-Up Study.

Bahrami A, et al. J Diet Suppl. 2018.


Although vitamin D deficiency is known to be a risk factor for some psychological disorders, there have been few studies on the effects of vitamin D supplementation on their symptoms. Depression and aggression are common mental disorders and are associated with disability and disease burden. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of high-dose vitamin D supplementation on depression and aggression scores in adolescent girls. Nine hundred forty adolescent girls received vitamin D3 at a dose of 50,000 IU/week for 9 weeks. Anthropometric parameters and blood pressure were measured using standard protocols at the baseline and at the end of the study. Depression score was evaluated using the Beck Depression Inventory-II and aggression was evaluated using the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire at baseline and at the end of the study. Comparison among the four categories of depression score (normal, mild, moderate, and severe) revealed no significant differences in demographic and anthropometric parameters at baseline. After 9 weeks of vitamin D supplementation, there was a significant reduction on mild, moderate, and severe depression score. However, vitamin D supplementation had no significant effect on aggression score. Our results suggest that supplementation with vitamin D may improve depressive symptoms among adolescent girls, as assessed by questionnaire, but not aggression score. Formal, larger, randomized controlled studies are required to confirm this effect on cases with different degrees of depression.


28759290 [PubMed - in process]

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